Geopolitics of Romania by Caspian Report

I wanted for some time now to add to the geopolitics category the Caspian Report youtube channel, a channel that addresses political, economic and historic issues, but I couldn’t find an appropriate enough reason. That is… until now, when they are covering the Geopolitics of Romania. Below some key points extracted from the above video and some additional historical information and maps. If you are into geopolitics, then I highly recommend checking out and subscribing to this channel.

Key points:

  • west of the Back Sea and north of the Balkan Peninsula
  • defining feature: Carpathian Mountains
  • arc of the mountains has acted historically as a barrier against marching armies
  • distinct among neighbor Slavic states (Romania has also Latin origins)
  • mountains also divide the territory into three distinct areas:
    • Moldavia (nord-east – ro: Moldova)
    • Wallachia (south – ro: Tara Romaneasca)
    • Transylvania (center-north-west – ro: Transilvania)
    • more details about the 1859 unification of Wallachia and Moldavia
  • another important feature is the Danube River
  • Romania’s territory was situated at the crossroads of three empires: Russian (in the east), Ottoman (in the south) and Austro-Hungarian (to the west)
  • Wallachia
    • historically conquered and influenced by the Ottoman Empire
    • large arable land in the south of the country
    • Bucharest is the capital of the region and of the country, and Constanta is the biggest deep water port at the Black Sea
  • Transilvania
    • historically conquered and influenced by the Austro-Hungarian Empire
    • separated from the other two by the Carpathian Mountains
    • home to a large Hungarian community (~1.2 million)
    • biggest cities: Cluj Napoca and Timisoara
  • Moldavia
    • historically conquered and influenced by the Russian Empire
    • there is another region (east of the Prut river) called Republic of Moldavia, which now is a separate country, but at times was unified with Moldavia region (from today’s Romania)
    • biggest city: Iasi
  • when Russian Empire was too strong, Romania aligned with the Ottoman empire, and the other way around. This is how in 1877 Romania gained its independence, in the Russian-Ottoman war of 1877-1878 (more details here)
  • Republic of Moldavia can be considered to be a weakness of Romania, although it is a separate country
  • after World War One,  Transylvania, Basarabia and Bukovina united with (smaller) Romania at 1 December 1918 more details here
  • map timeline from 1859 – present
  • more details about history of Romania

Geopolitical objectives:

  • maintain territorial unity
  • public policy
  • enhance energy output
  • naval ally
  • maintain membership in EU and NATO
  • Russia stalemate
  • prepare for demographic decline

Other videos from Caspian Report:

Other videos and playlists to consider from Caspian Report:

Additional historical context:

Vezi si:
What is “Intermarium” / ce este “Initiativa celor Trei Mari”? (ro + eng)
Ramurile si denominațiile creștine (statistici, cronologie, hărți)
Religia în România – statistici, hărți, organizare

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